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Course Reflection

My favorite post was the one about Trisomy 21. I really enjoyed writing it because I feel like I was able to effectively express my opinions about abortion and provide supporting details as to why I am against abortion, which is sometimes hard to do with such a heating topic. Sometimes I find that I even question my own opinions on abortion, whether I am pro-choice or pro-life. Writing the post definitely affirmed that I am pro-life, and I’m proud to say it.

I also really liked writing the post about men and women and the difference between ethics of care and ethics of justice because I feel like I did a really good job expressing how they compliment one another. It’s really hard in today’s society to justify the opinion of how men and women aren’t equal- I don’t think they are, and some people may judge me for that. But men and women aren’t equal- they’re different, and God created us that way to compliment one another.

 I had the most trouble writing the post about Elder Suicide. I had trouble with this post because one of my very close family friends, my best friend’s dad, committed suicide a little over two years ago. It was hard for me to write his post because while I am against what he did to himself and opt his family, I have to try and understand his feelings and recognize that he was ultimately mentally ill and did not take his own life out of selfishness. It was also hard for me to justify Elder Suicide, as I did in the post, when I see how much suicide has changed my best friends life.

 My least favorite post was about chemical castration and its use as treatment for child molesters and other sex offenders. The idea of sex offenders makes me feel nauseous in general. I found it really difficult to write this post because one of my friends was molested as a child and she carries it with her every day- even 16 years later. It was really hard to remain strong in my convictions against the use of chemical castration and recognize the fact that many sex offenders were violated sexually themselves at one point or another. It is difficult to place blame on them for something that was done to them, while still it is important not to avoid recognizing that it is an entirely inexcusable act. It had trouble writing it because I don’t think anyone can make sense of a situation or the damage in can cause years later. I am not sure I could have improved on my post or the points made, because I am still against chemical castration.

 I learned the most from the post about “friendship”. Oftentimes, I see myself frustrated about my situation with my friends because of the geographical situation, their opinions, where they are in their lives, etc. At the end of the day, it is important to support each other and be there for one another no matter what. I feel that this post took over, and I was writing from true feelings about friendship, subconscious feelings, rather than being consciously being aware of what I was writing. I think friendship is a beautiful thing and a chosen bond unlike any other. A true friendship is valuable and worth cherishing for a lifetime. “Friends welcome anytime, family by appointment only”. I learned from this point because if gave me a chance to express my feelings freely and then examine them later, which is an awesome learning experience.

 The most interesting thing I learned in the course is to not judge a book by its cover- rather, do not judge people based on immediate interpretations. Everyone has a story, and everyone comes from a background which has made them who they are. It does not mean they are immoral or ding something wrong- Pojman had written about ethical relativism. I don’t believe people can be responsible for their actins if they are unaware that what they are doing is wrong. I feel that this topic made me more accepting of other people, other cultures, and other values, which is very important in America.

 I will use this knowledge about cultural acceptance and acceptance of other people’s ways as I move forward in my nursing career and life in general. It is important to respect other people’s cultures and their way of doing things, especially in the healthcare system. If you respect someone’s culture, you have a better chance to form a trusting relationship with that person so you can both work positively towards a therapeutic goal.

 I don’t think my views changed. However, I do feel that my thoughts were delved into further, supported, and explored. For example, “what is the meaning of life”? This is something I think about often, and being able to read Aristotle’s views made me further understand that life is about being good, and happy and it is about the little things. This course made me understand more about who I am as a person while recognizing the motives that other people often have also.

 At first, when I read how much of this course would involve social media, blogging, twitter, etc., I was nervous because I realistically stink at technology. However, I think ethics is a really good topic to compare with your peers. Ethics isn’t something that is stressed while growing up- we are raised with the values our parents choose to instill in us, and that is pretty much it. Rarely do we discuss what it means to be a good person, why it is important to be good people, what is the meaning of life, etc. I thoroughly enjoyed this course and learned a lot from it. It is one thing to have to do homework and read and write for a grade- its another thing to read and write a post and actually learn something from the post. Throughout this course, I was given the opportunity to learn concrete knowledge, while being able to learn something about myself each and every time. I would recommend this class to other people because it allows for free guided thought, opinion exploration and expression, and discussion among peers, which is essential for developing our character. It is important that we recognize what is important to us so that can progress in our lives as we approach graduation and whatever we choose to come after that for us. 



I don’t own a pet, primarily because I don’t have time to take care of an animal right now and make sure they are taken of properly. I live with my aunt and uncle, and they have a dog, so there is an animal in my house. He’s not my responsibility, but he’s always around-however, I still wouldn’t call him mine. I’ve always had a weird opinion about animals and was never able to understand how someone could feel so close with their pet. When I was little I had a dog named Charlie, but we had to give him away because we moved. Then I had two birds who died, two cats we had to give away because we moved again, two bunnies my mom gave away while I was at school (I heard they have therapy for that) and a dog named Sammy who we put to sleep because he had really bad epilepsy and was clearly suffering. When I think about it sometimes, it’s really sad that I don’t have the ability to connect with animals because any animal that I’ve ever been close with has left, one way or another. I definitely want to have an animal of my own after I graduate school. However, I think I would adopt a cat or dog from a shelter so that I don’t have a puppy that I would have to give my undivided attention to for a few months. I would also like to save an animal from whatever may come after life in a shelter; a win, win situation.

 I don’t have any real restrictions on my diet based on religion or culture, I would just rather not eat certain foods. One time I ate deer meat- but I wasn’t informed it was deer until after I ate it. That was upsetting, but undeniably delicious to say the least. I would never eat a rabbit or anything like that. I think I’m only comfortable eating what I consider ‘normal’ meats such as chicken, steak, beef, pork – pretty much just chicken, cows, and pigs. Some people eat deer, horse, rabbit, etc. I don’t have anything against it- it just isn’t my norm so it would probably disgust me. I don’t have any strong beliefs about what other cultures should eat, because I try to be accepting of their practices. As mentioned in previous posts, I accept slaughtering animals for food in moderation, enough for sustenance.

 My relationship with animals is weird. I feel like some dogs can legitimately smell fear on me and can read into my soul- barking at me uncontrollably. I also think I’m slightly afraid of dogs that I don’t know because my mom was bit by a German shepard when I was in the first grade, right outside of my elementary school. Other dogs I feel okay around. Some cats I’m allergic to, so I’m not fan of. Other cats I also feel okay around. My feelings vary on a case by case basis.

 My moral standpoints: I don’t love any animals in particular, but I respect them. Just like people- I don’t love many people, but I’d still respect them and don’t wish harm on anyone. I think my above comments express that I’m a respectful person and treat animals with the dignity that any living being deserves. 


I chose the above picture because I don’t have any animals of my own, and my cousin has a black lab named Albus, and he’s one of my favorites. 



Extreme Makeover


There are many moral and ethical concepts to work around when it comes to the topic of face-lift surgery and plastic surgery in general. I think that every situation should be judged on a case by case basis. For example, I think that accidents leaving individuals with a lower idea of self image, females who underwent mastectomies, and even individuals who feel that they were ‘born in the wrong body’, should be educated about resources available and their options. However, many people look at plastic surgery as a way to ‘improve themselves’. Some people will stop at nothing, even risking their own health, to fulfill what they feel is the idea of ‘beauty’. Some of the ethical considerations to be taken intoo are:

1. Can this person handle surgery (intubation, anesthetia, recovery period)?

2. Are there any psychiatric issues present that would lead the individual to undergo this surgery?

3. Does this patient have a track record for these types of surgery?

4. What reason does this person have for undergoing this surgery?

5. Is the recovery period worth the end result?

6. Are the risks posed worth the end result?

7. Will be the patient be happy with the end result, even if it is exactly what the surgeon promised?

I believe that excessive plastic surgery is an expression of vanity.  In certain situations, such as motor vehicle accidents in which a person’s face is disfigured, or a mastectomy, plastic surgery would be appropriate to return an individual’s body back to the pre-tragedy state and improve self image. I believe that it is human nature to want to improve ourselves spiritually and morally, not physically. However, with that being said, to improve one self in the physical sense through diet and exercise would be beneficial and have a positive impact on health and wellness, and probably increase the longevity. Also, I must recognize, that if an individual has serious issues with self consciousness, they would not be well in the psychiatric sense, and if plastic surgery would make they feel better- well, then in that sense plastic surgery would improve wellness also.

I do not believe that Extreme Makeover exploits its participants directly. However, I do believe that Extreme Makeover takes what society views as important (beauty, fitness, nice hair, big breasts, etc.), offers to give it to an individual for free, and entices the individuals into a situation that they would not be willing to participate in otherwise. In that sense, I believe the extreme makeover indirectly exploits its participants.

Social ills such as poverty and sickness are definitely a problem worth recognizing. However, I would like to mention that while there are many poverty-stricken individuals that are in a situation beyond their control, many individuals are, for lack of a better word, lazy when it comes to supporting themselves and/or their family. I would also like to point out that over 75% of the healthcare system is driven by illnesses that could be prevented by lifestyle change- i.e. diabetes, congestive heart failure, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. So I do think that individuals should do their best to donate when they can and help one another. I also think that if an individual would like to spend their money on plastic surgery, that is their business. I do not believe that they should be eligible for loans to pay for these surgeries, and I do not believe that insurance companies, especially government funded insurance companies, should be responsible for the surgery or the complications that arise from plastic surgery.

The following virtues and vices according to Aristotle apply here:


Vulgarity (depending on the type of surgery)



Fear (from previous body image)

Shyness (from previous body image)



According to Aristotle, acts of virtue bring honor and happiness, while vices bring dishonor and unhappiness. Both of which must be voluntary.

We could apply the idea of virtues and vices to Extreme Makeover by explaining that virtues are acts of good, and doing good. Improving body image does not do good for others and therefore is not virtuous. Recognizing that the year is 2013, and not during the time of Aristotle, it is important to mention that people do not to things to benefit other, but simply benefit themselves or their own families. I believe that plastic surgery is selfish, a vice. However, its also good to be selfish sometimes, because being too selfless can be exhausting- after all, happiness is finding balance between those virtues and vices.

I think that Aristotle would believe that Extreme Makeover exploits its individuals because Extreme Makeover clearly benefits from their participation in viewers, popularity, and money. Whether or not the makers of this show had any intention of actually doing ‘good’ for an individual is an interesting thought. They did not have breast augmentations and breast lifts during Aristotle’s time. Perhaps Extreme Makeover is indeed helping people find happiness and feels that they are doing good or the participants. However, is it really ‘good’. In regards one of the previous questions about the less that fortunate, wouldn’t giving our food and money to the hungry and poor be more beneficial to human kind as a whole?  And wouldn’t that be more important and more virtuous?

I do not believe that Aristotle would recognize this particular relationship between wanting to improve ourselves and being happy, because to him happiness was an internal peace, and happiness was found from virtuous acts of doing good for others. I feel that Aristotle would recognize improving our selves in relation to happiness if by ‘improving ourselves’ we mean doing more good for others, being a better person, performing more virtuous acts, etc.

This video about with Ellen not only makes me laugh, which is beautiful, but inspires self confidence.

I chose this article because it recognizes the importance of screening for psychiatric issues and states that while most people adjust well after plastic surgery, some people don’t and that can be detrimental to health and wellness.

I chose this article about the real life Barbie- notice how she referres to herself as ‘not human’, a demigod – also disturbing.

Aristotle. (350 B.C.). Nicomachean Ethics. (Book 1).

“Extreme Culture”. Value and Culture. p. 158-159.


Hello there new friends, 

My name is Cecilia and I’m a senior Nursing student hear at Worcester State. Im originally from New York, but currently live in the Worcester Area with family. To me, the topic of ethics delves into what is right and wrong, but more importantly is a way to make sense of some things that just seem to puzzle us as people, and especially myself as an aspiring health care professional. I look forward to applying the theories and lessons I learn in this class to my journey as a nurse and whatever else comes my way! Heres to a great year!